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The document stiffened the social stratification among Muslims. Shia Muslims were in conflict with Sunni Muslims of South Asia, as were other minority sects of Islam, and they questioned the applicability of Fatawa-i Alamgiri. This page was last edited on 14 Septemberat Articles containing Arabic-language text. Fatawa-i Alamgiri became the reference legal text to enforce Sharia in colonial south Asia in the 18th century through early 20th century.
Mona Siddiqui notes that while the text is called a fatawait is actually not a fatwa nor a collection of fatwas from Aurangzeb’s time. This created a social class of Islamic gentry that jealously guarded their expertise, legal authority and autonomy. Retrieved from ” https: Further, the English-speaking judges relied on Muslim law specialist elites to establish the law of wlamgiri land, because the original Fatawa-i Alamgiri Al-Hindiya was written in Arabic.
Structure of Politics Under Aurangzeb Aurangzeb and various prominent Islamic scholars.
The colonial assumption was that the presumed local traditional sharia-based law, as interpreted from Fatawa-i Alamgiri, could be implemented through British-style law institution with integrity. The British tried to sponsor translations of Fatawa-i Alamgiri.
It also led to inconsistent interpretation-driven, variegated judgments in similar legal cases, fatawq issue that troubled British colonial officials.
The Fatawa-e-Alamgiri also formalized the legal principle alxmgiri Muhtasibor office of censor  that was already in use by previous rulers of the Mughal Empire.
Charles Hamilton  and William Jones translated parts of the document along with other sharia-related documents in English. Burton Stein states that the Fatawa-i-Alamgiri represented a re-establishment of Muslim ulama prominence in the political and administrative structure that had been previously lost by Muslim arrabic and people during Mughal Emperor Akbar ‘s time.
These translations triggered a decline in the power and role of the Qadis in colonial India. The text considers contract not as a written document between two parties, but an oral agreement, in some cases such as marriage, one in the presence of witnesses.
In substance similar to other Hanafi texts,  the laws in Fatawa-i Alamgiri describe, among other things, the following. Fatawa-e-Alamgiri was the work of many prominent scholars from different fatqwa of the world, including Saudi Arabiaprincipally from the Hanafi school.
Fatawa alamgiri arabic pdf download
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Hafiz Aurangzeb reading Quran. The British colonial officials responded by creating a bureaucracy that created separate laws for Muslim sects, and non-Muslims such as Hindus in South Asia. Fatawa Alamgiri Hafiz Aurangzeb reading Quran. In the late 18th century, at the fatxwa of the British, the al-Hidaya was translated from Arabic to Persian.
As the power shifted from Muslim rulers in India to British Rajthe colonial authorities decided to retain local institutions and laws, to operate under traditional pre-colonial laws instead of introducing secular European common law system.